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VI.1.1 Pompeii. Casa del Triclinio or House of the Triclinium.

Caupona and Hospitium. Excavated 1770 and 1787.

 

Part 1      Part 2

 

According to Fiorelli,

VI.1.1. “Il primo edifizio che s’incontra a sinistra della via, addossato alle mura della citta, venne da molti creduto abitazione del custode della Porta: ma esso non fu che un diversorium, consistente di un grande triclinio ombreggiato da pergulae, co’suoi tre letti di fabbrica, e le pareti in parte adorne di pitture: nonche di una cella penaria, contenente la nicchia de’Penati, in cui era dipinta l’Abbondanza distesa su di un pulvinare, con cornucopia in una mano e nell’altra il cantaro, avendo dinanzi una tavola, e su di questa una cassetta ed un vaso. Un altro triclinio invernale o coverto faceva anche parte del diversorium, ed aveva inoltre una scaletta per montare ai lastrici o cenacoli, e poco discosto la latrina.”

(translation - VI.1.1 – The first building that one meets on the left side of the roadway, leaning against the city wall, was thought by many to have been the dwelling of the custodian of the Herculaneum Gate: but it was none other than an inn or lodging-house, consisting of a large triclinium shaded by a pergola, with its three masonry couches and the walls partly decorated with paintings: and a small room, containing the niche for the worship of the household gods, in which was painted Abbondanza laying on a couch, with cornucopia in one hand and a kantharos in the other, with a table in front, on which was a box and a cup/vase/pot. Another winter, or covered, triclinium was also part of the inn, and in addition had a staircase for going up to the dining room, and the latrine was not far away.

See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p.47)

See Fiorelli, G. 1875. Descrizione, (p.76)

 

Herculaneum Gate, VI.1.1 and VI.1.2.

Herculaneum Gate, VI.1.1 and VI.1.2. Looking north-east.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Entrance.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Entrance doorway.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Entrance. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Entrance. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. Entrance. Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.
According to Garcia y Garcia, this inn, sheltered by the city walls and with a beautiful well-preserved sacellum, was hit by a bomb during the night of 14th to 15th September 1943. It was nearly completely destroyed, even its perimeter wall. The dividing wall to the peristyle of the House of the Vestals also fell. By September 1982, the entrance steps and its internal walls were reduced to a ruined pile. To the west of this house, the same bomb destroyed also part of the beautiful Samnite steps, that permitted access to the public wall. At the foot of it, in the public area, was a well-known well. See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.66)

VI.1.1 Pompeii. Entrance.

Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

According to Garcia y Garcia, this inn, sheltered by the city walls and with a beautiful well-preserved sacellum, was hit by a bomb during the night of 14th to 15th September 1943. It was nearly completely destroyed, even its perimeter wall.

The dividing wall to the peristyle of the House of the Vestals also fell.

By September 1982, the entrance steps and its internal walls were reduced to a ruined pile.

To the west of this house, the same bomb destroyed also part of the beautiful Samnite steps, that permitted access to the public wall.

At the foot of it, in the public area, was a well-known well.

See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.66)

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance doorway, with steps to the wall.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance doorway, with steps to the wall.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Public steps to the walls.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Public steps to the walls.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. c.1900-1930. Public steps to the walls.
Photo by Esther Boise Van Deman (c) American Academy in Rome. VD_Archive_Ph_232.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. c.1900-1930. Public steps to the walls.

Photo by Esther Boise Van Deman (c) American Academy in Rome. VD_Archive_Ph_232.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1890-1900. Public steps to the walls.
Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.
See http://www.bsrdigitalcollections.it/details.aspx?ID=14254&ST=SS

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1890-1900. Public steps to the walls.

Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.

See http://www.bsrdigitalcollections.it/details.aspx?ID=14254&ST=SS

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east towards entrance to inn.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east towards entrance to inn or dwelling.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking east to entrance doorway to inn.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking east to entrance doorway to inn or dwelling.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1961. Looking east to entrance doorway to inn or dwelling. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J61f0449

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1961. Looking east to entrance doorway to inn or dwelling. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J61f0449

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Looking east.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1824 drawing by Mazois showing plan of house. 
According to Mazois, this was a plan of a house situated near to the city gate, at the base of the city walls.
The entrance (1) of this house presents into a small indoor gallery (2).
At the rear of the gallery are the stairs (3), which lead to a terrace placed above the gallery (see fig V), and to the apartment of the master. 
The servant of the house would have slept in the small room (4), near to the stairs.
The kitchen must have been placed either in the large room (5) which was used also as a winter dining room, or else in the small room (10), near to the domestic lararium (11).
The courtyard or rather the garden (6), had a small channel (7) to receive rainwater and lead it into a cistern from where it could be drawn, when required, through a shaft-like opening in the form of a well (8).
Half of this courtyard was covered by a pergola, under which was a summer triclinium (9).
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p.45-6, Pl IX. fig. III)

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1824 drawing by Mazois showing plan of house.

According to Mazois, this was a plan of a house situated near to the city gate, at the base of the city walls.

The entrance (1) of this house presents into a small indoor gallery (2).

At the rear of the gallery are the stairs (3), which lead to a terrace placed above the gallery (see fig V), and to the apartment of the master.

The servant of the house would have slept in the small room (4), near to the stairs.

The kitchen must have been placed either in the large room (5) which was used also as a winter dining room, or else in the small room (10), near to the domestic lararium (11).

The courtyard or rather the garden (6), had a small channel (7) to receive rainwater and lead it into a cistern from where it could be drawn, when required, through a shaft-like opening in the form of a well (8).

Half of this courtyard was covered by a pergola, under which was a summer triclinium (9).

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p.45-6, pl. IX. fig. III)

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1824 drawing by Mazois showing cross-section of house, looking north, fig. V. 
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p.45-6, pl. IX. fig. V).

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1824 drawing by Mazois showing cross-section of house, looking north, fig. V.

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p.45-6, pl. IX. fig. V).

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east to rebuilt east wall in the area of rooms 3 (the stairs) and room 4.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east to rebuilt east wall in the area of rooms 3 (the stairs) and room 4.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking north-west towards garden area with triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking north-west towards garden area with triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.  Looking north towards triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4. According to Jashemski, the small inn (excavated in 1787) just inside the Porta Ercolano had a garden with a masonry triclinium shaded by a vine-covered pergola.  The holes in the rear wall, in which the ends of the beams of the pergola were set, were visible at the time of excavation.  A gutter along the south edge of the garden collected rain water which was deposited in the cistern opening in the south-west corner of the garden. See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas. (p.119).  According to Fiorelli, the triclinium had three couches of brick, and the walls were in part adorned by pictures.  See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p. 47)

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking north-west towards triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4.

According to Jashemski, -

the small inn (excavated in 1787) just inside the Porta Ercolano had a garden with a masonry triclinium shaded by a vine-covered pergola.

The holes in the rear wall, in which the ends of the beams of the pergola were set, were visible at the time of excavation.

A gutter along the south edge of the garden collected rain water which was deposited in the cistern opening in the south-west corner of the garden.

See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas. (p.119)

According to Fiorelli, the triclinium had three couches of brick, and the walls were in part adorned by pictures.

See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p. 47)

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1961. Looking towards north wall of garden area, on left. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J61f0451

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1961. Looking towards north wall of garden area, on left. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J61f0451

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Looking north towards Triclinium (under blue sheeting) and niches on north and east wall, from VI.1.4.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.

Looking north towards triclinium (under blue sheeting) in garden area, and niches on north and east wall of rooms on its east side, taken from VI.1.4.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking north towards rooms with niches on north and east walls, from VI.1.4.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.

Looking north towards rooms with niches on north and east walls, and site of (winter) triclinium, from VI.1.4.

 

 

Part 2

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 03-Oct-2019 21:28