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II.5.5 Pompeii. Garden entrance near Amphitheatre.

Linked to II.5.1-4? Excavated 1755, 1814 and between 1912 and 1972.

Part 1      Part 2      Part 3      Part 4      Part 5      Part 6      Part 7

Wilhelmina’s vineyard, excavations in 1966, 1968 and 1970.

Originally, this open area comprising of an entire insula was always thought to be the “Foro Boario” or cattle-market, because the original excavators found large animal bones.

Other explanations were as a site for the cages for the wild animals to be used in the games in the Amphitheatre, or even as a burial place for the dead gladiators.

By allowing Wilhelmina Jashemski to excavate here, by the end of the 1970 season she had found 2,014 vine root cavities and an equal numbers of stakes to support the vines and thus disproving previous theories and proving that this was indeed a vineyard.

Evidence that olives and vegetables may have been cultivated here was also found, as well as root cavities for large trees.

The cultivation of vines took place over the entire insula, and then the wine was stored in the cella vinaria.

Some of the wine was then sold in the shop in the Via dell’Abbondanza, and some of it was drunk by the visitors to the games at the Amphitheatre relaxing on the triclinia, at least two of which have been found here.

This is the largest of all the vineyards so far found within the city. Other vineyards being found at I.20.1, 1.20.5, and IX.9.6/7, and others in Via di Nocera and Via di Castricio.

All of these vineyards had equipment for winemaking, such as presses to extract the juice, and large pottery vessels called dolia in which the fermentation took place, and amphorae to store and conserve the wine. Some of the dolia had been discovered buried up to their necks underground. According to Wilhelmina, Pliny wrote that the finest wines in Campania were fermented exposed to the open air, while the weak vintages were kept in dolia sunk into the ground. Some of these vineyards even had wine cellars. Another vineyard, and triclinium, had been found on the other side of the Via dell’Abbondanza at III.7

 

The site in 1961.

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1961. Looking east across site towards a flock of sheep on their way to their grazing for the day.   Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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II.5 Pompeii. 1961. Looking east across site towards a flock of sheep on their way to their grazing for the day.  

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J61f0227

 

The Jashemski excavations in 1966.

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. 5 years later - flock of sheep on their way to their grazing. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J66f0365

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. 5 years later - flock of sheep on their way to their grazing.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0365

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north-west across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0180

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north-west across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0180

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking south towards ampitheatre, and the south-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0287

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking south towards Amphitheatre, and the south-west corner of the site.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0287

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking east across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0266
The insula was cleared of lapilli from December 1954 to May 1955, except for the area of a modern house in the north-east corner, and the area of the north-west corner where there appeared to be an ancient building, as well as the chamber for access to the Sarno canal. 
The 1955 excavators had removed the volcanic material down to the original level, and then covered the area with backfill.
See Jashemski W. F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: The Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist 1955 – 2004, p. 132-3.

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking east across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0266

The insula was cleared of lapilli from December 1954 to May 1955, except for the area of a modern house in the north-east corner, and the area of the north-west corner where there appeared to be an ancient building, as well as the chamber for access to the Sarno canal.

The 1955 excavators had removed the volcanic material down to the original level, and then covered the area with backfill.

See Jashemski W. F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: The Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist 1955 – 2004, p. 132-3.

 

II.5 Pompeii . 1966. Trial trench dug on the east side, where there was still a covering of the original volcanic debris. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0158

II.5 Pompeii . 1966. Trial trench dug on the east side, where there was still a covering of the original volcanic debris.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0158

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. After digging down more than 4 feet to the original AD79 level, a cavity left by the decay of a large root was discovered.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0160

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.

After digging down more than 4 feet to the original AD79 level, a cavity left by the decay of a large root was discovered.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0160

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Large cavity being studied. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0165

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Large cavity being studied. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0165

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Putting the finishing touches to the cavity, before filling with cement. 
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0166

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Putting the finishing touches to the cavity, before filling with cement.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0166

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. The finished cavity, including a stake-hole. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0169

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. The finished cavity, including a stake-hole. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0169

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Filling the cavity with cement. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0171

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Filling the cavity with cement.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0171

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Continuation of trench along east wall, but the covering of lapilli soon ended and the backfill was deep and compacted. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0267

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.

Continuation of trench along east wall, but the covering of lapilli soon ended and the backfill was deep and compacted.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0267

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Digging through the backfill. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0268

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Digging through the backfill. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0268

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. David Orr and Wilhelmina making a discovery. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0270

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. David Orr and Wilhelmina making a discovery.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0270

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. A few small cavities were discovered and dug-out over the next few days, on the east side of the site.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0293

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. A few small cavities were discovered and dug-out over the next few days, on the east side of the site.

 Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0293

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Small vine-root cavity, and its stake. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0295

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Small vine-root cavity, and its stake. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0295

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.  Excavations near east wall and south-east corner.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0315

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Excavations near east wall and south-east corner.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0315

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking south at the excavations near east wall in south-east corner. 
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f1106

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking south at the excavations near east wall in south-east corner.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f1106

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. West wall near north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f1121

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. West wall near north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f1121

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.  Excavations near west wall, looking north. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. Here the original ground level was barely below the surface, and as such had been badly damaged by trucks removing the lapilli in the 1950’s. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0326

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Excavations near west wall, looking north. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Here the original ground level was barely below the surface, and as such had been badly damaged by trucks removing the lapilli in the 1950’s.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0326

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Another root cavity, one of only a few found near the west wall.   
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0327

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Another root cavity, one of only a few found near the west wall.  

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0327

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Excavating near the west wall.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0370

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Excavating near the west wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0370

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north across site.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0371

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north across site of trenches near west wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0371

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Excavating by the east wall of the unexcavated area in the north-west corner of the site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0397

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Excavating by the east wall of the unexcavated area in the north-west corner of the site.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0397

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Finds.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0398

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Finds. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0398

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Carefully looking for the root cavities, Wilhelmina’s first complete row of small root cavities were found along this east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0435

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.

Carefully looking for the root cavities, Wilhelmina’s first complete row of small root cavities were found along this east wall of the unexcavated area in the north-west.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0435

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north towards the east wall of the unexcavated structure in north-west corner. Wilhelmina’s first complete row of small root cavities were found along this east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0405

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north towards the east wall of the unexcavated structure in north-west corner.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0405

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking west towards the east wall of the unexcavated structure in north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0456

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking west towards the east wall of the unexcavated structure in north-west corner.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0456

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north, measuring and recording along the row of small root cavities found near the east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f1066

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north, measuring and recording along the row of small root cavities found near the east wall.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f1066

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Row of root cavities found along the east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f1067

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Row of root cavities found along the east wall.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f1067

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Stones to protect the root cavities along the east wall.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f1070

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Stones to protect the root cavities along the east wall.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f1070

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.  Removal of heavy weed growth from south wall of unexcavated structure in north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0408

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.

Removal of heavy weed growth from south wall of unexcavated structure in north-west corner.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0408

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. North-west corner, looking west along south wall of unexcavated structure, where another row of small cavities were found.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking west along the south wall, measuring and recording the root cavities. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f1071

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking west along the south wall, measuring and recording the root cavities.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f1071

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Digging out a modern root by the side of a plaster-cast of a root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f1077

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Digging out a modern root by the side of a plaster-cast of a root cavity.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f1077

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.  Excavating out into the centre from the edges in the north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. It was felt that the few cavities found around the edge of the insula, did not disprove that this might have been a cattle market. In order to prove it, root cavities in neat lines would have to be found in the centre of the insula. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0605

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Excavating out into the centre from the edges in the north-west corner.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

It was felt that the few cavities found around the edge of the insula, did not disprove that this might still have been a cattle market.

In order to prove it, root cavities in neat lines would have to be found in the centre of the insula.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0605

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking towards the west wall, trenches were dug out into the centre of the insula, in line with the root cavities found around the edges. However results were disappointing as the soil was very compacted and nothing was preserved below it. Another trench was tried but only three small root cavities were found, and so it was felt that too much time and money was being spent for the few root cavities that had been found. These roots did not disprove the theory that this had been the cattle-market. Reluctantly Wilhelmina agreed, and temporarily abandoned this site for other gardens. When they had been finished those, she persuaded the authorities to continue with the search here, as nothing else would be as important as proving or disproving the cattle-market theory. 
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0606

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.

Looking towards the west wall, trenches were dug out into the centre of the insula, in line with the root cavities found around the edges.

However results were disappointing as the soil was very compacted and nothing was preserved below it.

Another trench was tried but only three small root cavities were found, and so it was felt that too much time and money was being spent for the few root cavities that had been found. These roots did not disprove the theory that this had been the cattle-market.

Reluctantly Wilhelmina agreed, and temporarily abandoned this site for other gardens.

When she had finished those, she persuaded the authorities to continue with the search here, as nothing else would be as important as proving or disproving the cattle-market theory.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0606

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking south-west across site, from III.7. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0906

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking south-west across site, from III.7. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0906

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. On re-commencing the excavation in this insula, they continued their digging towards the centre of the insula from the west wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0601

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.

On re-commencing the excavation in this insula, they continued their digging towards the centre of the insula from the west wall.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0601

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. In the Pompeii of 1966, it was much easier to get in and around places that are now fenced off and out-of-bounds. There were not as many “Vietato l’accesso” (No-entry) signs around in those days. In the words of Tony Robinson on “Time-Team” we hope these passers-by asked “Can we come into your trench?” Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0602

II.5 Pompeii. 1966.

In the Pompeii of 1966, it was much easier to get in and around places that are now fenced off and out-of-bounds.

There were not as many “Vietato l’accesso” (No-entry) signs around in those days.

In the words of Tony Robinson on “Time-Team” we hope these passers-by asked “Can we come into your trench?”

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0602

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Working hard. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0600

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Working hard. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0600

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north-west across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0609

II.5 Pompeii. 1966 Pompeii. 1966. Looking north-west across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0609

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking east across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0615

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking east across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0615

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Cleaning out a root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0617

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Cleaning out a root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0617

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Measuring a root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0618

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Measuring a root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0618

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Measuring. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0619

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Measuring. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0619

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Delicate work, with bucket, jug and cement. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0652

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Delicate work, with bucket, jug and cement.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0652

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Filling the root cavity with cement. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0650

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Filling the root cavity with cement. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0650

 

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking east across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0667

II.5 Pompeii. 1966. Looking east across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0667

 

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