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IX.13.3 Pompeii. Domus of C. Giulio Polibio or House of C. Julius Polybius.

Linked to IX.13.1 and IX.13.2. Excavated 1912, 1964 and 1966.

 

Part:    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9   10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  Plan (Opens in separate window)

1973 Jashemski Garden excavations

 

According to Wilhelmina,

«  The Superintendency had been meticulously excavating this elegant Samnite house for some years, and the peristyle garden was now ready to be excavated.

Wilhelmina had asked them to leave about five feet of lapilli to protect the garden until they were ready to begin the excavation.

The Scavi workmen under her direction then removed the lapilli down to one foot, before she brought in her most experienced workmen to continue.

This was the first time she had excavated an undisturbed garden, and it was the first peristyle garden to be scientifically excavated.

The ancient ground level next to the west wall of the garden was the first to be uncovered. What she found, had the appearance of a large hat « a sombrero » .

The soil had been carefully shaped into a high mound, surrounded by a channel for water ; and a root cavity filled with lapilli was found in the mound.

Eventually, five « sombreros » were found.

It was obvious that something special had been planted here, and that the plants had still been young, and provision had been made for them to get considerable amounts of water. The plants had been planted into the same sort of four-holed terracotta pots, that had been found in both the gardens of the House of the Ship Europa and the garden of Hercules.

A large tree-cavity was soon discovered in the north-west corner. Eventually another five large tree-root cavities and several smaller tree-root cavities were also discovered. There were also the cavities from the stakes that had propped the heavy branches laden with fruit or nuts ; and along the east and south edges of the garden were a row of small root cavities.

The shape of the tree-roots were indicative of being a fig, an olive and several fruit trees, possibly pear, cherry or apple.

Near the root identified as a fig, many small misshapen pieces of charcoal were found, which were later identified as being figs ».

See Jashemski, W.F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist, (p.208-209)

 

IX.13.1-6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking west on Via dell’Abbondanza towards entrances. 
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0550

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Looking west on Via dell’Abbondanza towards entrances.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0550

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Original lapilli being removed and lowered. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0227

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Original lapilli being removed and lowered.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0227

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Wilhelmina checking for a discovery. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0228

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Wilhelmina checking for a discovery.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0228

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Removal of lapilli near west wall of peristyle garden. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0263

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Removal of lapilli near west wall of peristyle garden.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0263

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Removal of lapilli in north-west corner of peristyle garden area. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0266

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Removal of lapilli in north-west corner of peristyle garden area.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0266

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Removal of lapilli near west wall of peristyle garden. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0268

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Removal of lapilli near west wall of peristyle garden. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0268

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Ancient ground level. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0289

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Ancient ground level. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0289

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Ancient ground level near west wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0290

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Ancient ground level near west wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0290

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Wilhelmina examining. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0294

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Wilhelmina examining. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0294

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Careful examinations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0296

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Careful examinations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0296

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Careful examinations in north-east corner of peristyle area.
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0301

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Careful examinations in north-east corner of peristyle area.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0301

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Painted plaster beneath the lapilli emerging into the light. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0308

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Painted plaster beneath the lapilli emerging into the light.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0308

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Cleaning of a root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0309

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Cleaning of a root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0309

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Turtle shell found in the peristyle garden. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0314

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Turtle shell found in the peristyle garden.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0314

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Lapilli discovered in the root cavities. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0328

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Lapilli discovered in the root cavities. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0328

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Looking across lapilli in peristyle garden towards north-east corner of peristyle. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0436

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Looking across lapilli in peristyle garden towards north-east corner of peristyle.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0436

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Looking towards north-east corner of peristyle area. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0438

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Looking towards north-east corner of peristyle area.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0438

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Carbonized material in the lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0439

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Carbonized material trapped in the lapilli.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0439

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Discovering carbonized material in the lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0440

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Examining the carbonized material in the lapilli.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0440

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Carbonized material. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0442

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Carbonized material.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0442

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Carbonized material free of the lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0447

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Carbonized material free of the lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0447

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Detail of carbonized material. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0449

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii, 1973. Detail of carbonized material. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0449

 

 

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