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VI.1.1 Pompeii. Casa del Triclinio or House of the Triclinium.

Caupona and Hospitium. Excavated 1770 and 1787.

 

Part 2       Part 1

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking north-west across garden area with triclinium (under blue sheeting), from VI.1.4.
According to Soprano –
Ubicazione: giardino. L. medius, m.3.95; l. imus, m.4.00; l. summus, m.3.75.
Bibliog. Bonucci, A., Pompei descritta (3 ed., Napoli, 1827), p.85; Mazois, F., Les ruines de Pompei, II. P.46. tav.ix. fig. 3 e 5;
Fiorelli, op. C., p.76; Dyer, Th. H., Pompeii (London, 1891), p.307, 308, e piante.
Era un grande triclinio ombreggiato da pergolato. Il Mazois afferma che “i fori nei quali riposavano le estremita dei travi destinati a sostenere la pergola sono perfettamente conservati”; attualmente essi non sono piu visibili che in parte, in seguito alla costruzione proprio sul l. summus di un muro di sostegno perpendicolare alla parete di fondo del giardino.
Il l. imus era piu lungo del l. summus; nessuno dei tre letti era addossato ai muri, il l. medius dista cm.50 dal muro di fondo, intonacato e con tracce di un pannello quadrato. Dalla descrizione del Mazois risulta che tutto il triclinio era rivestito di stucco e di pitture di esecuzione piuttosto rozza.
Manca la mensa.
See Soprano, P. (1950). I triclini all’aperto di Pompei. (In Pompeiana, raccolta di studi per il secondo centenario degli scavi di Pompei. Napoli, Gaetano Macchiaroli, Editore, P. 300, no.13).

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking north-west across garden area with triclinium (under blue sheeting), from VI.1.4.

According to Soprano –

Ubicazione: giardino. L. medius, m.3.95; l. imus, m.4.00; l. summus, m.3.75.

Bibliog. Bonucci, A., Pompei descritta (3 ed., Napoli, 1827), p.85; Mazois, F., Les ruines de Pompei, II. P.46. tav.ix. fig. 3 e 5;

Fiorelli, op. C., p.76; Dyer, Th. H., Pompeii (London, 1891), p.307, 308, e piante.

Era un grande triclinio ombreggiato da pergolato. Il Mazois afferma che “i fori nei quali riposavano le estremita dei travi destinati a sostenere la pergola sono perfettamente conservati”; attualmente essi non sono piu visibili che in parte, in seguito alla costruzione proprio sul l. summus di un muro di sostegno perpendicolare alla parete di fondo del giardino.

Il l. imus era piu lungo del l. summus; nessuno dei tre letti era addossato ai muri, il l. medius dista cm.50 dal muro di fondo, intonacato e con tracce di un pannello quadrato. Dalla descrizione del Mazois risulta che tutto il triclinio era rivestito di stucco e di pitture di esecuzione piuttosto rozza.

Manca la mensa.

See Soprano, P. (1950). I triclini all’aperto di Pompei. (In Pompeiana, raccolta di studi per il secondo centenario degli scavi di Pompei. Napoli, Gaetano Macchiaroli, Editore, P. 300, no.13).

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking north towards remains of windowless sacrarium and with niche on north wall. On the east wall is another niche which was outside the sacrarium, at the end of a passage from the triclinium.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking towards north-east corner with two niches.

On the north wall was a niche that had been in the remains of a windowless sacrarium

On the east wall was another niche which was outside the sacrarium, at the end of a passage from the triclinium.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Arched Niche on east wall, photo taken from VI.1.4. Originally this niche was at the end of a passage from the triclinium. The wall around the niche was painted with red stucco. Red, rose-like flowers were painted inside the niche.
See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14.  (p.43, no.132)

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Arched niche on east wall of room 10 (see Mazois plan), photo taken from VI.1.4.

Originally this niche was at the end of a passage from the triclinium.

The wall around the niche was painted with red stucco. Red, rose-like flowers were painted inside the niche.

See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14. (p.43, no.132)

See Fröhlich, T., 1991. Lararien und Fassadenbilder in den Vesuvstädten. Mainz: von Zabern. (L55, Picture 37,1)

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. May 2003. Arched niche on east wall.  Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. May 2003. Arched niche on east wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. May 2003. Niche with vaulted ceiling, on north wall. Originally this was at the east end of the north wall of a windowless sacrarium. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. May 2003. Niche with vaulted ceiling, on north wall of room 11, see Mazois plan.

Originally this was at the east end of the north wall of a windowless sacrarium. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. May 2003. Niche with vaulted ceiling, on north wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. May 2003. Niche with vaulted ceiling, on north wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. Drawing by Mazois, 1824, of windowless sacrarium, looking north. 
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p. 47 and pl. X, fig. 1).

VI.1.1 Pompeii. Drawing by Mazois, 1824, of windowless sacrarium, looking north.

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p. 47 and pl. X, fig. 1).

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Niche with vaulted ceiling, on north wall. 
Originally this was at the east end of the north wall of a windowless sacrarium.
The walls of the niche were coated with white stucco with floral ornaments. 
The rear wall was outlined with red stripes and had a painting of a wreathed figure.
On the floor in front, but near the north wall, stood a masonry altar decorated with the figure of a pig which wore a garland on its head.
See Fiorelli G., 1860. Pompeianarum antiquitatum historia, Vol. 1: 1748 - 1818, Naples, ii, 36 (March 8 1787).
See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14. (p.43, no.132, Pl.40, 3 & 4).
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p. 47 and pl. 10, 1 & 2).

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007. Niche with vaulted ceiling, on north wall.

Originally this was at the east end of the north wall of a windowless sacrarium.

The walls of the niche were coated with white stucco with floral ornaments.

The rear wall was outlined with red stripes and had a painting of a wreathed figure.

On the floor in front, but near the north wall, stood a masonry altar decorated with the figure of a pig which wore a garland on its head.

See Fiorelli G., 1860. Pompeianarum antiquitatum historia, Vol. 1: 1748 - 1818, Naples, ii, 36 (March 8 1787).

See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14. (p.43, no.132, Pl.40, 3 & 4).

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p. 47 and pl. 10, 1 & 2).

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1824 drawing by Mazois of painting in the niche. 
Windowless sacrarium, at east end of north wall. 
Mazois described a figure reclining on a couch, with a green mantle wrapped around her legs. 
In her left hand she held a cornucopia and in the right a kantharos. 
A table, on which were a cup and a box, was in front of the couch. 
Above was a heavy garland with fruit.
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p. 47 and pl. X, fig. 2).

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1824 drawing by Mazois of painting in the niche.

Windowless sacrarium, at east end of north wall.

Mazois described a figure reclining on a couch, with a green mantle wrapped around her legs.

In her left hand she held a cornucopia and in her right she held a kantharos.

A table, on which were a cup and a box, was in front of the couch.

Above was a heavy garland with fruit.

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot. (p. 47 and pl. X, fig. 2).

 

According to Dyer:

“As this house stood close to the Herculaneum Gate, and the steps for ascending the walls, it had been conjectured that it may have belonged to the person who had charge of the gate.

The entrance led into a covered passage or corridor, running along the whole side of the house; at the further end of which was a staircase leading to a small apartment and to a terrace which extended over the length of the passage. Close to the staircase was the room of a slave, probably the only one in the house.

At the end of the passage at the foot of the stairs, a door on the left led into what seemed to have been a winter dining room.

Behind this room was the kitchen, and quite in the corner of the house, a small lararium, or domestic chapel.

This place, which was a remarkable one in so small a house, had no window and could have been lit only by lamps.

A stone bench ran around two sides of it. At the extremity of it, facing the entrance, was a niche with a painting, now almost obliterated, of Fortuna, Pomona or some such goddess, reposing on a couch and holding a cornucopia.  Before it was an altar.

The greater part of the house was engrossed by a court or garden, which appears, from holes intended for that purpose, to have been covered with a trellis, and thus answered in some measure the purpose of an atrium or peristyle.

It contained a stone triclinium, where the family during the fine weather, during the greater part of the year, probably took their meals.

Behind the triclinium was a niche for the statue of some god, to which the pious owners might make their libations; and in the corner of the court near the street door was a puteal or well.”

See Dyer, T., 1867. The Ruins of Pompeii. London: Bell and Daldy. (p.74-75)

 

 

Part 1

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 18-Aug-2019 14:42